Pierre Bourdieu, in Pour un mouvement social européen,
Le Monde Diplomatique, juin 1999 — Pages 1, 16 et 17, aussi in Contre-feux 2, Raisons d'agir, 2001, p. 13-23

"L'histoire sociale enseigne qu'il n'y a pas de politique sociale sans un mouvement social capable de l'imposer ( et que ce n'est pas le marché, comme on tente de le faire croire aujourd'hui, mais le mouvement social qui a « civilisé » l'économie de marché, tout en contribuant grandement à son efficacité ). En conséquence, la question, pour tous ceux qui veulent réellement opposer une Europe sociale à une Europe des banques et de la monnaie, flanquée d'une Europe policière et pénitentiaire ( déjà très avancée ) et d'une Europe militaire ( conséquence probable de l'intervention au Kosovo ), est de savoir comment mobiliser les forces capables de parvenir à cette fin et à quelles instances demander ce travail de mobilisation. "


jeudi 24 juin 2010

Loïc Wacquant, Punishing the Poor: The Neoliberal Government of Social Insecurity


Loïc Wacquant
Punishing the Poor
The Neoliberal Government of Social Insecurity

Translator: James Ingram
Duke University Press
2009

Description
The punitive turn of penal policy in the United States after the acme of the Civil Rights movement responds not to rising criminal insecurity but to the social insecurity spawned by the fragmentation of wage labor and the shakeup of the ethnoracial hierarchy. It partakes of a broader reconstruction of the state wedding restrictive “workfare” and expansive “prisonfare” under a philosophy of moral behaviorism. This paternalist program of penalization of poverty aims to curb the urban disorders wrought by economic deregulation and to impose precarious employment on the postindustrial proletariat. It also erects a garish theater of civic morality on whose stage political elites can orchestrate the public vituperation of deviant figures—the teenage “welfare mother,” the ghetto “street thug,” and the roaming “sex predator”—and close the legitimacy deficit they suffer when they discard the established government mission of social and economic protection. By bringing developments in welfare and criminal justice into a single analytic framework attentive to both the instrumental and communicative moments of public policy, Punishing the Poor shows that the prison is not a mere technical implement for law enforcement but a core political institution. And it reveals that the capitalist revolution from above called neoliberalism entails not the advent of “small government” but the building of an overgrown and intrusive penal state deeply injurious to the ideals of democratic citizenship.

Loïc Wacquant is Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Berkeley, and Researcher at the Centre de sociologie européenne, Paris. He is a MacArthur Foundation Fellow and recipient of the 2008 Lewis Coser Award of the American Sociological Association. His recent books include Urban Outcasts: A Comparative Sociology of Advanced Marginality, Body & Soul: Notebooks of an Apprentice Boxer, and Pierre Bourdieu and Democratic Politics. He is a co-founder and editor of the interdisciplinary journal Ethnography.

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