Pierre Bourdieu, in Pour un mouvement social européen,
Le Monde Diplomatique, juin 1999 — Pages 1, 16 et 17, aussi in Contre-feux 2, Raisons d'agir, 2001, p. 13-23

"L'histoire sociale enseigne qu'il n'y a pas de politique sociale sans un mouvement social capable de l'imposer ( et que ce n'est pas le marché, comme on tente de le faire croire aujourd'hui, mais le mouvement social qui a « civilisé » l'économie de marché, tout en contribuant grandement à son efficacité ). En conséquence, la question, pour tous ceux qui veulent réellement opposer une Europe sociale à une Europe des banques et de la monnaie, flanquée d'une Europe policière et pénitentiaire ( déjà très avancée ) et d'une Europe militaire ( conséquence probable de l'intervention au Kosovo ), est de savoir comment mobiliser les forces capables de parvenir à cette fin et à quelles instances demander ce travail de mobilisation. "


mardi 8 mai 2012

Pierre Bourdieu, Picturing Algeria

Pierre Bourdieu
Picturing Algeria
Foreword by Craig Calhoun
Columbia University Press
2012

As a soldier in the French army, Pierre Bourdieu took thousands of photographs documenting the abject conditions and suffering (as well as the resourcefulness, determination, grace, and dignity) of the Algerian people as they fought in the Algerian War (1954--1962). Sympathizing with those he was told to regard as "enemies," Bourdieu became deeply and permanently invested in their struggle to overthrow French rule and the debilitations of poverty. Upon realizing the inability of his education to make sense of this wartime reality, Bourdieu immediately undertook the creation of a new ethnographic-sociological science based on his experiences -- one that became synonymous with his work over the next few decades and was capable of explaining the mechanics of French colonial aggression and the impressive, if curious, ability of the Algerians to resist it. This volume pairs 130 of Bourdieu's photographs with key excerpts from his related writings, very few of which have been translated into English. Many of these images, luminous aesthetic objects in their own right, comment eloquently on the accompanying words even as they are commented upon by them. Bourdieu's work set the standard for all subsequent ethnographic photography and critique. This volume also features a 2001 interview with Bourdieu, in which he speaks to his experiences in Algeria, its significance on his intellectual evolution, his role in transforming photography into a means for social inquiry, and the duty of the committed intellectual to participate in an increasingly troubled world. 

Pierre Bourdieu (1930–2002) is widely regarded as one of the most important French intellectuals of the twentieth century. He served as chair of sociology at the College de France and authored numerous seminal works, including The Social Structures of the Economy; The Weight of the World: Social Suffering in Contemporary Society; The State Nobility: Elite Schools in the Field of Power; Practical Reason: On the Theory of Action; The Rules of Art: Genesis and Structure of the Literary Field; Language and Symbolic Power; and Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste.

Craig Calhoun is president of the Social Science Research Council and University Professor of the Social Sciences at New York University. He is the author of eight books, including Robert K. Merton: Sociology of Science and Sociology as Science.

Franz Schultheis is a professor of sociology at the University of St. Gallen. He has also taught at the University of Geneva, the University of Neuchâtel, and the University of Montreal. A longtime collaborator of Pierre Bourdieu, he has been heavily involved in disseminating the sociologist’s teachings throughout Germany and Europe.

Christine Frisinghelli is a curator and publisher in contemporary photography. She cofounded the journal Camera Austria International in 1980 and acted as its editor in chief until 2010. She currently heads the board of the Camera Austria association and is custodian of Pierre Bourdieu’s photographic archive.

Aucun commentaire: