Pierre Bourdieu, in Pour un mouvement social européen,
Le Monde Diplomatique, juin 1999 — Pages 1, 16 et 17, aussi in Contre-feux 2, Raisons d'agir, 2001, p. 13-23

"L'histoire sociale enseigne qu'il n'y a pas de politique sociale sans un mouvement social capable de l'imposer ( et que ce n'est pas le marché, comme on tente de le faire croire aujourd'hui, mais le mouvement social qui a « civilisé » l'économie de marché, tout en contribuant grandement à son efficacité ). En conséquence, la question, pour tous ceux qui veulent réellement opposer une Europe sociale à une Europe des banques et de la monnaie, flanquée d'une Europe policière et pénitentiaire ( déjà très avancée ) et d'une Europe militaire ( conséquence probable de l'intervention au Kosovo ), est de savoir comment mobiliser les forces capables de parvenir à cette fin et à quelles instances demander ce travail de mobilisation. "


vendredi 23 août 2013

Christopher Adolph, Bankers, Bureaucrats, and Central Bank Politics. The Myth of Neutrality

Christopher Adolph
Bankers, Bureaucrats, and Central Bank Politics
The Myth of Neutrality
Cambridge University Press
2013

Présentation de l'éditeur
Most studies of the political economy of money focus on the laws protecting central banks from government interference; this book turns to the overlooked people who actually make monetary policy decisions. Using formal theory and statistical evidence from dozens of central banks across the developed and developing worlds, this book shows that monetary policy agents are not all the same. Molded by specific professional and sectoral backgrounds and driven by career concerns, central bankers with different career trajectories choose predictably different monetary policies. These differences undermine the widespread belief that central bank independence is a neutral solution for macroeconomic management. Instead, through careful selection and retention of central bankers, partisan governments can and do influence monetary policy – preserving a political trade-off between inflation and real economic performance even in an age of legally independent central banks.

Christopher Adolph is Assistant Professor of Political Science and Adjunct Assistant Professor of Statistics at the University of Washington, Seattle, where he is also a core member of the Center for Statistics and the Social Sciences. He is a former Robert Wood Johnson Scholar in Health Policy Research and won the American Political Science Association's Mancur Olson Award for the best dissertation in political economy. His research on comparative political economy and quantitative methods has appeared in the American Political Science Review, Political Analysis, Social Science and Medicine and other academic journals. 

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