Pierre Bourdieu, in Pour un mouvement social européen,
Le Monde Diplomatique, juin 1999 — Pages 1, 16 et 17, aussi in Contre-feux 2, Raisons d'agir, 2001, p. 13-23
"L'histoire sociale enseigne qu'il n'y a pas de politique sociale sans un mouvement social capable de l'imposer ( et que ce n'est pas le marché, comme on tente de le faire croire aujourd'hui, mais le mouvement social qui a « civilisé » l'économie de marché, tout en contribuant grandement à son efficacité ). En conséquence, la question, pour tous ceux qui veulent réellement opposer une Europe sociale à une Europe des banques et de la monnaie, flanquée d'une Europe policière et pénitentiaire ( déjà très avancée ) et d'une Europe militaire ( conséquence probable de l'intervention au Kosovo ), est de savoir comment mobiliser les forces capables de parvenir à cette fin et à quelles instances demander ce travail de mobilisation. "
mardi 20 octobre 2009
Culture, Class, Distinction By Tony Bennett, Mike Savage, Elizabeth Bortolaia Silva, Alan Warde, Modesto Gayo-Cal, David Wright
Culture, Class, Distinction
By Tony Bennett, Mike Savage, Elizabeth Bortolaia Silva, Alan Warde, Modesto Gayo-Cal, David Wright
# ISBN: 978-0-415-56077-1
# Binding: Paperback (also available in Hardback)
# Published by: Routledge
# Publication Date: 17/08/2009
About the Book
Culture, Class, Distinction is major contribution to international debates regarding the role of cultural capital in relation to modern forms of inequality. Drawing on a national study of the organisation of cultural practices in contemporary Britain, the authors review Bourdieu’s classic study of the relationships between culture and class in the light of subsequent debates.
In doing so they re-appraise the relationships between class, gender and ethnicity, music, film, television, literary, and arts consumption, the organisation of sporting and culinary practices, and practices of bodily and self maintenance. As the most comprehensive account to date of the varied interpretations of cultural capital that have been developed in the wake of Bourdieu’s work, Culture, Class, Distinction offers the first systematic assessment of the relationships between cultural practice and the social divisions of class, gender and ethnicity in contemporary Britain.
It is essential reading for anyone interested in the relationships between culture and society.
Introduction Part 1: Situating the Analysis 1. Culture after Distinction 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Bourdieu’s Three Axioms 1.3 Contestations over Bourdieu in French Sociology 1.4 Bourdieu in the Sociology of Stratification and Education 1.5 Bourdieu in Cultural Sociology 1.6 Bourdieu and Cultural and Media Studies 1.7 Conclusion 2. Researching Cultural Capital: Questions of Theory and Method 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Habitus and the Dispersal of Practices 2.3 Disaggregating Cultural Capital 2.4 Field Theory and the Relational Organisation of the Social 2.5 Methodological overtures 2.6 Conclusion Part 2: Mapping Tastes, Practices and Individuals 3. Mapping British Cultural Taste and Participation 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Using Multiple Correspondence Analysis 3.3 The Space of Lifestyles: a Cultural Map of Britain in 2003 3.4 Social Groups and the Space of Lifestyles 3.5 The Class Structure of Britain 3.6 Conclusion 4. Individuals in Cultural Maps 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Individuals in the Space of Lifestyles 4.3 Snobbery and Diversity in Accounts of Taste 4.4 Conclusion Part 3: Cultural Fields and the Organisation of Cultural Capital 5. Tensions of the Musical Field 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Music as a Contested Cultural Field 5.3 Contours of Musical Taste 5.4 The Intensities of Musical Taste 5.5 Music and Performance 5.6 Conclusion 6. Popular and Rare: Exploring the Field of Reading 6.1 Introduction 6.2 The functions of Reading 6.3 Book Cultures 6.4 Newspapers and Magazines: the uses of everyday reading 6.5 Conclusion 7. A Sociological Canvas of Visual Art 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Contrasting Paintings 7.3 Consuming Visual Art 7.4 Appreciating Visual Art 7.5 Conclusion 8. Contrasting Dynamics of Distinction: The Media Field 8.1 Introduction 8.2 The Different Class Registers of Television and Cinema 8.3 Television and New Practices of Distinction 8.4 Film and the Differential Value of ‘Aesthetics’ and ‘the Real’ 8.5 Conclusion 9. Cultural Capital and the Body 9.1 Introduction 9.2 The Concept of Embodied Capital 9.3 Sport and physical exercise 9.4 Bodily Adornment and Care 9.5 Eating 9.6 Conclusion Resumé: Cultural Fields: Tensions and Dynamics Part 4: The Social Dimensions of Distinction 10. Cultural Formations of the Middle Classes 10.1 Introduction 10.2 The Debate on the Middle Classes 10.3 The British Middle Classes 10.4 Unravelling Omnivorousness 10.5 Middle-class Identification 10.6 Conclusion 11. Culture and the Working Class 11.1 Introduction 11.2 Taking account of Culture 11.3 The British Working Class Today 11.4 Detachment 11.5 Local Games of Distinction: divisions within the working class 11.6 Class Hostility? 11.7 Conclusion 12. Gender and Cultural Capital 12.1 Introduction 12.2 Gender and Household Relations 12.3 Cultural Fields and the Gendering of Individuals 12.4 Contested Gender Identities 12.5 Conclusion 13. Nation, Ethnicity and Globalisation 13.1 Introduction 13.2 Home and Away 13.3 Nation, Ethnicity and Globalisation 13.4 The Culture Scapes of England, America and Europe 13.5 Conclusion 14. Conclusion Methodological Appendices Appendix 1 Focus Groups Appendix 2 The Survey and Its Analysis Appendix 3 Household Interviews Appendix 4 Elite Interviews
Table of Contents
Introduction Part 1: Situating the Analysis 1. Culture after Distinction 2. Researching Cultural Capital: Questions of Theory and Method Part 2: Mapping Tastes, Practices and Individuals 3. Mapping British Cultural Taste and Participation 4. Individuals in Cultural Maps Part 3: Cultural Fields and the Organisation of Cultural Capital 5. Tensions of the Musical Field 6. Popular and Rare: Exploring the Field of Reading 7. A Sociological Canvas of Visual Art 8. Contrasting Dynamics of Distinction: The Media Field 9. Cultural Capital and the Body Resumé: Cultural Fields: Tensions and Dynamics Part 4: The Social Dimensions of Distinction 10. Cultural Formations of the Middle Classes 11. Culture and the Working Class 12. Gender and Cultural Capital 13. Nation, Ethnicity and Globalisation 14. Conclusion Methodological Appendices
The book is co-authored by Tony Bennett, Mike Savage, Elizabeth Silva, Alan Warde, Modesto Gayo-Cal, David Wright. The book arises out of research conducted at the Economic and Social Research Council Centre for Research on Socio-cultural Change (CRESC), a major international cente for the analysis of socio-cultural change.
Tony Bennett is Research Professor of Social and Cultural Theory in the Centre for Cultural Research at the University of Western Sydney, and a Professorial Fellow in the Faculty of Arts at the University of Melbourne. Recent publications include Pasts Beyond Memory: Evolution, Museums, Colonialism; New Keywords: A Revised Vocabulary of Culture and Society (edited with Larry Grossberg and Meaghan Morris) and Handbook of Cultural Analysis (edited with John Frow).
Mike Savage is Professor of Sociology at the University of Manchester and Director of the ESRC Centre for Socio-Cultural Change (CRESC). His interests are in social stratification, urban, and historical sociology.
Elizabeth Silva is Professor of Sociology at the Open University and a member of the ESRC Centre for Research on Socio-cultural Change (CRESC). Her current research interests include social divisions, gender, cultural sociology, everyday life and qualitative methods.
Alan Warde is Professor of Sociology at the University of Manchester. His current research interest include the sociology of consumption, with particular emphasis on food, cultural sociology, social stratification and economic sociology.
Modesto Gayo-Cal was a research fellow at CRESC and the Department of Sociology at the University of Manchester while working on the Cultural Capital and Social Exclusion project. His areas of interest are: theories of nationalism, political behaviour, middle classes, and cultural consumption. He is also interested in the application of statisti