Pierre Bourdieu. Contre-feux, Éditions Raisons d’agir, 1998, p.100

‘‘Contre ce régime politique [le néolibéralisme], la lutte politique est possible. Elle peut se donner pour fin d’abord, comme l'action caritative ou caritativo-militante, d’encourager les victimes de l’exploitation, tous les précaires actuels et potentiels, à travailler en commun contre les effets destructeurs de la précarité (en les aidant à vivre, à « tenir » et à se tenir, à sauver leur dignité, à résister à la déstructuration, à la dégradation de l’image de soi, à l’aliénation), et surtout à se mobiliser, à l’échelle internationale, c’est-à-dire au niveau même où s’exercent les effets de la politique de précarisation, pour combattre cette politique et neutraliser la concurrence qu’elle vise à instaurer entre les travailleurs des différents pays’’.



vendredi 8 août 2014

Mariana Mazzucato, The Entrepreneurial State. Debunking Public vs. Private Sector Myths

Mariana Mazzucato
The Entrepreneurial State 
Debunking Public vs. Private Sector Myths 
Anthem Press
2013

Présentation de l'éditeur
This book debunks the myth of a dynamic private sector vs. a sluggish public sector by providing a detailed account of the role of the public sector in taking on high-risk entrepreneurial investments, from the Internet to the ‘green revolution’.
Debunking the myth of a laggard State at odds with a dynamic private sector, Mazzucato reveals in case study after case study that in fact the opposite situation is true, with the private sector only finding the courage to invest after the entrepreneurial State has made the high-risk investments. Case studies include examples of the State’s role in the ‘green revolution’, in biotech and pharmaceuticals, as well as several detailed examples from Silicon Valley. In an intensely researched chapter, she reveals that every technology that makes the iPhone so ‘smart’ was government funded: the Internet, GPS, its touch-screen display and the voice-activated Siri. Mazzucato also controversially argues that in the history of modern capitalism the State has not only fixed market failures, but has also shaped and created markets, paving the way for new technologies and sectors that the private sector only ventures into once the initial risk has been assumed. And yet by not admitting the State’s role we are socializing only the risks, while privatizing the rewards in fewer hands. This, she argues, hurts both future innovation and equity in modern-day capitalism.
Mariana Mazzucato is RM Phillips Professor in the Economics of Innovation, SPRU, University of Sussex. Named one of the ‘three most important thinkers about innovation’ by the ‘New Republic’, she lectures widely and advises the UK government and the European Commission on innovation-led growth

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