Pierre Bourdieu. Contre-feux, Éditions Raisons d’agir, 1998, p.100

‘‘Contre ce régime politique [le néolibéralisme], la lutte politique est possible. Elle peut se donner pour fin d’abord, comme l'action caritative ou caritativo-militante, d’encourager les victimes de l’exploitation, tous les précaires actuels et potentiels, à travailler en commun contre les effets destructeurs de la précarité (en les aidant à vivre, à « tenir » et à se tenir, à sauver leur dignité, à résister à la déstructuration, à la dégradation de l’image de soi, à l’aliénation), et surtout à se mobiliser, à l’échelle internationale, c’est-à-dire au niveau même où s’exercent les effets de la politique de précarisation, pour combattre cette politique et neutraliser la concurrence qu’elle vise à instaurer entre les travailleurs des différents pays’’.

vendredi 14 juin 2013

Neil Fligstein and Doug McAdam, A Theory of Fields

Neil Fligstein and Doug McAdam
A Theory of Fields
Oxford University Press

Présentation de l'éditeur
Finding ways to understand the nature of social change and social order-from political movements to market meltdowns-is one of the enduring problems of social science. A Theory of Fields draws together far-ranging insights from social movement theory, organizational theory, and economic and political sociology to construct a general theory of social organization and strategic action. 
In a work of remarkable synthesis, imagination, and analysis, Neil Fligstein and Doug McAdam propose that social change and social order can be understood through what they call strategic action fields. They posit that these fields are the general building blocks of political and economic life, civil society, and the state, and the fundamental form of order in our world today. Similar to Russian dolls, they are nested and connected in a broader environment of almost countless proximate and overlapping fields. Fields are mutually dependent; change in one often triggers change in another. At the core of the theory is an account of how social actors fashion and maintain order in a given field. This sociological theory of action, what they call "social skill," helps explain what individuals do in strategic action fields to gain cooperation or engage in competition. 
To demonstrate the breadth of the theory, Fligstein and McAdam make its abstract principles concrete through extended case studies of the Civil Rights Movement and the rise and fall of the market for mortgages in the U.S. since the 1960s. The book also provides a "how-to" guide to help others implement the approach and discusses methodological issues.
With a bold new approach, A Theory of Fields offers both a rigorous and practically applicable way of thinking through and making sense of social order and change-and how one emerges from the other-in modern, complex societies.

Neil Fligstein is the Class of 1939 Chancellor's Professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of California, Berkeley. A renowned scholar of economic sociology, organizations, and political sociology, he is the author or coauthor of six books, including The Architecture of Markets and Euroclash: The EU, European Identity, and the Future of Europe.

Doug McAdam is Professor of Sociology at Stanford University. He is the author or co-author of thirteen books in the area of political sociology, with an emphasis on social movements and revolutions. Among his best known works are Political Process and the Development of Black Insurgency, 1930-1970, Freedom Summer, and (with Sid Tarrow and Charles Tilly) Dynamics of Contention.

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